First Look

No Dengue outbreak, despite a More Active Season

Ministry of Health (NERHA) | 2018-12-03 13:34:00

The Ministry of Health has confirmed that 2018 has seen an increase, over the last year, in the number of cases of dengue fever. This is based on reports of mosquito-borne diseases through the national epidemiological surveillance system. Up to November 17, 2018, there have been 412 suspected cases reported, compared to 150 in 2017. The number, however, remains below the outbreak threshold.

Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne disease that is usually an illness in which a person may get a fever, headache, joint, and muscle pains.   Rest and adequate hydration are usually enough to see one through the period of illness. The recommended treatment for the fever is acetamino-phen/paracetamol. The Ministry urges members of the public not to use aspirin, diclofenac, ibuprofen, or any of the medications/pain relievers known as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).  These drugs, when used to treat the fever in dengue, have been known to increase the severity of the disease. 

Some persons may develop a rare complication of dengue fever referred to as Dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF), which may result in bleeding, including internal bleeding, which can lead to death. Im-mediate medical attention should be sought once a person with a fever begins to vomit, have severe abdominal pain, bleeding under the skin (petechial rash), feel very weak, or get confused.

In keeping with trends in recent years, the Ministry expects that the number of cases of mosquito-borne diseases will increase from late August into November. In anticipation of this, the Ministry has continued its mosquito-control activities, including a public education campaign, home inspections, destruction of breeding sites and fogging.

Again, members of the public are encouraged to play their part in ensuring that the number of cases are minimised by monitoring water storage containers for mosquito breeding; keeping surroundings free of debris; destroying or treating potential mosquito breeding sites; wearing protective clothing; using a DEET-containing mosquito repellant and, as much as possible, staying indoors at dusk with windows and doors closed.

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